Orchil growing in Canary Islands
Orchil growing in Canary Islands

Image by Norbert Nagel

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Detail of CCCC, MS 197b, fol. 1r
Detail of CCCC, MS 197b, fol. 1r

The Northumbrian Gospels (8th century). The eagle symbol of John the evangelist. The purple in the eagle's head has been identified as orchil. Other pigments identified are verdigris (green), orpiment (yellow) and red lead.

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Sixteenth-century instructions on how to make orchil dye
Sixteenth-century instructions on how to make orchil dye

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Orchil growing in Canary Islands
Orchil growing in Canary Islands

Image by Norbert Nagel

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