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Iron Gall Ink

Iron gall ink was used to write most medieval manuscripts. It comes from galls that form on oak trees and is mixed with ferrous sulphate to create a lovely, deep black ink

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Gesso is a chalk mixture used in medieval illumination. It allows the gold leaf to adhere to the surface

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Cutting quills

Learn how to cut swan feathers into quills used by medieval scribes


Zodiac illumination

Planning and decorating a zodiac illumination


Purple Parchment

How to dye parchment with folium cloth


Lapis Lazuli

A quick guide to making lapis lazuli pigment using Cennino Cennini's recipe